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Learn to use the Elements of Interior Design to decorate your space

Elements of Interior design

The 7 elements of Interior design help you to balance the interiors so that the finished look is not only aesthetically pleasing but also functional. 

Interior design is the science and art of living. It is also responsible for certain reactions of our brains and bodies to the space around us. Interior designers have the power to shape or to guide those feelings or sensations in a positive direction that motivates a person to be optimistic.

The seven crucial elements of Interior Design are the following

  • Space
  • Lines
  • Form or Shape
  • Pattern
  • Light
  • Color
  • Texture

Here are the details of 7 elements of Interior Design

1. Space in Interior Design

Space is defined as the distance between and around the furniture and their ratio in the room. The balance depends on the right division of negative and positive space.

Space in Interior design

What is a positive space in Interior Design?

Positive space is where the room’s objects have been placed or the space that has been consumed by any sort of furniture for example, sofas, armchairs and tables. A room with more negative spaces will make it look more spacious and bigger but too much negative space can also make the room look under furnished or cold.

On the other hand, a room full of positive spaces may make it feel crowded or over-furnished. The challenge is to keep the balance between both the spaces.

What is a negative space in Interior Design?

Negative space refers to the gaps in between the furniture which also includes space for moving through the room, as well as the areas left empty to prevent the room from feeling messy.

2. Lines in Interior Design

Lines in Interior design help to guide the eyes to a focal point. It also influences the positive feel of the space.

Types of lines in interior design

Horizontal, Vertical and Dynamic lines are the three types of lines that help in bringing stability to a design.

Horizontal lines make a room feel wider whereas Vertical lines make the rooms feel taller. Using tall furniture in your space can heighten the room as they guide our eyes upwards. It is very important to carefully work on the balance of both types of lines.

Diagonal lines, Zig-Zag lines and Curved lines are all part of Dynamic lines. Zigzag lines give energy and liveliness to a room, while Smooth and Curved lines make the design smooth and soft.

3. Form or Shape in Interior design

Form is the shape of the objects in a room as well as the shape of the complete room. These shapes might be natural or geometrical. Natural shapes bring curves and softness to a design while geometry brings strength.

Types of Form in Interior Design

  • Organic: It means the form that is existing in nature in its natural living form eg. tree or a shrub.
  • Geometric or Inorganic: It refers to the man made or geometric forms which means it includes non living forms.
  • Open forms: These forms are outlines that you can look at and are visible to the naked eyes.
  • Closed forms: Unlike open forms, closed forms are not visible to the naked eye.

4. Pattern in Interior Design

Patterns in interior design adds interest and enthusiasm to a room. It can be applied through a rug, soft furnishings, wallpaper or an artwork. There is complete freedom in the style whether that’s geometrical, floral or abstract until the decor is in harmony with the overall concept. 

5. Light in Interior Design

Majority of Interior Designers aim in using maximum natural or day lights for their spaces.

What is the importance of light in interior design?

Lights can play with the depth and height of a space, create a cozy and warm spot or grab attention to a required focal point. Exposure to natural sunlight not only helps in saving energy but also improves mood and sleeping patterns. Spending a major part of your day in areas that are lit with natural light can increase your energy levels.

Artificial lights can be used for a room’s ambience when natural light isn’t sufficient to draw attention to a certain object, to make a kitchen safe for food preparation or a part of a living space for comfortable reading.

Lighting in Interior Design
Photo by Beazy on Unsplash

There are types of artificial lighting where one can dimmer the lights as per mood and requirement.

Task Lighting:

Lights that help us finish various tasks are task lighting. Eg. meaning desk lighting, overhead lighting for kitchen, etc.

Accent Lighting:

Lights that draw attention to a particular object or area are called accent lighting.

Ambient Lighting:

This type of lighting helps in building an ambience or mood of an overall space.

6. Color in Interior Designing

Color has the ability to create mood, send messages and tune the perception of how big or small a space is. Color plays the most important role in interiors. If used thoughtfully one can produce the desired feeling for a space. For example, green color in interior design suggests tranquility and peace, while blue color in interior design promotes calmness and productivity.

7. Texture in Interior Design

Texture is how a design looks and feels. Visual and actual are the two types of textures. A good designer can use both the types and create a desired concept. 

  • Actual Texture: The actual feel of an object is an actual texture.
  • Visual Texture: Visual texture is just the illusion of a texture.

To develop a good quality Interior work one has to follow these seven elements of design. When a designer knows how to mix and match all the elements, that is when he can create a dynamic space.

Difference between Interior design and Interior decoration

If you are looking for a quick guidance or changing the look of your space talk to us and let us consult you online for free!

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About Author

Educational Qualification: BSc & MBA in Administration and Marketing Profession: Online Promotions and Digital Marketing Born and bought up in India and was writing articles in local newspapers, school, and college magazines. L.K Monu Borkala re-started writing the content and blogs again after a long break in his digital marketing business in 2017. He is a writer, copy editor, content manager, Digital Marketing researcher. Finding new technologies and solutions to the problem is his hobby. He has 23 years of sales, marketing, recruitment, training & administration experience. He worked for seven years in 3 companies and started his own business in 2004 as Yellow Pages publisher. He published 24 editions of yellow pages in Mangalore, Udupi, Goa, Kasaragod, Kannur, Hasan & Shimoga. Also, published 4 educational directories, 3 health directories, many bi-monthly & biweekly magazines since 2004. He always says,” Don’t write content and blogs for google ranking, write for readers, and google will honor you automatically.

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